Form: Mat-forming herb, a succulent plant in the Ice Plant family.
Lifespan: 2-3 years.
Leaf retention: Evergreen but can die to ground in freezes.
Growth rate: Rapid.
Mature Size: 6" high and 12-24" wide.
Flowers: Dozens of bright pink-red, narrow petals and yellow center.
Bloom: Spring to fall.
Fruit: Tiny, green, apple-like, containing four seeds.
Leaves: Medium green, succulent, smooth, edible.
Stems: No thorns. Root where nodes touch moist soil.
Roots: Subject to root rot in continually moist soil.
Wildlife: Attracts bees, butterflies.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: South Africa.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-10.
Sunset climate zones: H1-H2, 12-13, 15-17, 21-24.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water after becoming established: Once a month.
More frequent water will maintain appearance in the hottest months
of the year, but not necessary for survival.
Soil: Well drained, dry, low in organic content, pH 6.1-7.8
(slightly acidic to slightly alkaline).
Planting: Can be grown in containers.
Prune: Only if dead spots appear.
Litter: Dies out after a few years and is replaced by new seedlings.
Propagation: Cuttings that include a leaf node, seed. Reseeds freely.
Uses: Ornamental ground cover, weed suppression, erosion control.
Does not withstand foot traffic.
Former botanical name Mesembryanthemum cordifolia.
Most often sold as Aptenia cordifolia 'Red Apple', a hybrid of
A. cordifolia and A. haeckeliana. This cultivar is invasive and quite
vigorous near wetlands and moist areas. Considered an invasive weed in California.
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