in Tucson, Phoenix,
and Southern California

Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, and Southern California

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Bauhinia lunarioides: Texasplume / Orchid Shrub

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Form: Multi-trunked shrub.
Leaf retention: Deciduous.
Growth rate: Moderate after first year when planted in favorable location.
Mature Size: 6-12' high and 6-10' wide.
Flowers: White to pink, orchid-like, clustered, fragrant.
Bloom: Late winter into spring, possibly into summer.
Fruit: Flat seed pods that split suddenly, with a twisting motion, scattering seeds.
Leaves: Green, in pairs, forming a butterfly shape.
Stems: No thorns, brittle.
Roots: Nitrogen-fixing*.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies and bees.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Texas and Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-11.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Part shade to full sun. Best with southern exposure and protection from winter winds in colder regions.
Water once established: Deep soak once or twice a month during spring and summer drought.
Soil: Well drained, dry, pH 6.6-8.5 (neutral to alkaline). *Do not use a nitrogen fertilizer.
Planting: Can be grown in a large container.
Prune: After flowering, only as needed to shape. Do not remove too much of crown in summer which may lead to sunburn and possible insect infestation. If a single trunk is desired, remove unwanted trunks when young.
Litter: Low.
Propagation: Seed and cuttings.
Uses: Ornamental.

Other common names are Anacacho Orchid Tree, Texas Plume.

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