in Tucson, Phoenix,
and Southern California

Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, and Southern California

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Berlandiera lyrata: Lyreleaf Greeneyes / Chocolate Flower

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Form: Herb.
Lifespan: Perennial.
Leaf retention: Evergreen but dies to ground in freezes.
Growth rate: Moderate to rapid, depending on water.
Mature Size: 1' high and 2' wide.
Flowers: Rays are yellow on top, yellow and red striped underneath, tiny dark orange flowers in green center, chocolate fragrance.
Bloom: Spring to fall.
Fruit: Seed within dried flower heads.
Leaves: Green, many-lobed, at base of plant and part-way up flower stalks.
Stems: No thorns. Slender flower stalks rise above basal leaves.
Wildlife: Attracts insects, birds.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Arizona through North Carolina, Colorado to Missouri, south into Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 4-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Part shade to full sun.
Water after becoming established: Once or twice a month in part shade. Weekly in full sun. Tolerates frequent watering in very well-drained soil, but can get leggy. Overly wet soil induces root rot.
Soil: Well drained, dry to slightly moist, low organic content, pH 6.1-7.8 (slightly acidic to slightly alkaline). Gets leggy in enriched or fertilized soil.
Mulch: Inorganic, such as gravel, if used.
Prune: If too leggy, cut to base. Plant will reflower. Deadhead for continuous bloom.
Litter: Low except for pruning.
Propagation: Seed.
Uses: Ornamental, fragrance garden. Edible, dried flowerheads formerly used to add chocolate flavor to foods.

After rays and tiny center flowers drop, the flowerhead resembles a green cup, hence the common name greeneyes.

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