Leaf retention: Evergreen but dies to ground in
Growth rate: Moderate to rapid, depending on water.
Mature Size: 1' high and 2' wide.
Flowers: Rays are yellow on top, yellow and red
striped underneath, tiny dark orange flowers
in green center, chocolate fragrance.
Bloom: Spring to fall.
Fruit: Seed within dried flower heads.
Leaves: Green, many-lobed, at base of plant and
part-way up flower stalks.
Stems: No thorns. Slender flower stalks
rise above basal leaves.
Wildlife: Attracts insects, birds.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Arizona through North Carolina, Colorado
to Missouri, south into Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 4-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Part shade to full sun.
Water after becoming established: Once or twice a month
in part shade. Weekly in full sun. Tolerates frequent watering
in very well-drained soil, but can get leggy. Overly wet soil
induces root rot.
Soil: Well drained, dry to slightly moist, low organic
content, pH 6.1-7.8 (slightly acidic to slightly alkaline).
Gets leggy in enriched or fertilized soil.
Mulch: Inorganic, such as gravel, if used.
Prune: If too leggy, cut to base. Plant will reflower.
Deadhead for continuous bloom.
Litter: Low except for pruning.
Uses: Ornamental, fragrance garden. Edible, dried
flowerheads formerly used to add chocolate flavor to foods.
After rays and tiny center flowers drop, the flowerhead resembles
a green cup, hence the common name greeneyes.
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