Part of the Arecaceae (Palm) family, members of the Butia genus are called
"feather" palms and consist of 22 species. Butia capitata is the most cold-hardy.
Form: Palm tree.
Lifespan: About 80 years.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow.
Mature Size: 15-20' high and 10-15' wide.
Flowers: Pale yellow to reddish, with 3 petals and 3 sepals, on many strands connected to a
central stalk. This inflorescence is enclosed in a woody spathe which splits apart when
the flowers are ready to open.
Separate male and female flowers are grouped in threes - two male flowers and one female.
Male flowers have 6 stamens.
Years before fruiting: 8-10.
Fruit: Yellow-orange, round to oval, 1" diameter, with a single round seed,
fibrous flesh, sweet-tart mixed fruit taste. Taste has been compared to apricot, pineapple
and banana, or mango and peach. Hangs in large sprays. Quality of fruit varies from plant to plant.
Months for fruit to ripen: 3-4. The fruit is ripe when fully colored, sometimes with a slight
blush. One palm may produce 50-100 pounds of fruit.
Storage after harvest: Refrigerate up to one week.
Leaves: Blue-green, long, arching, v-shaped central stalk with long, narrow
leaflets growing along both edges.
Stems: Trunk is 1' - 2' in diameter. Leaf stems have thorns.
Roots: Not invasive. Susceptible to root rot in moist soil.
Wildlife: Flowers attract pollinating insects, fruit attracts mammals.
Toxic / Danger: Thorny leaf stems.
Origin: Central-southern Brazil and adjacent areas of Uruguay and Argentina.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8b-11. Hardy to 15°F when young, possibly 5-10°F when mature.
Chill hours: None.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun to part shade.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Water after becoming established: Deep water monthly. Additional water speeds growth.
Soil: Very well drained, tolerant of soil types otherwise, pH 6.1-7.8 (slightly acidic
to slightly alkaline). Salt tolerant.
Fertilize: Fertilization speeds growth but it is mainly used in case of nutrient deficiency
which is likely in alkaline soil.
Look for 10-5-10 to 20-5-20 (N-P-K) fertilizer that also includes the micronutrients
magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe).
Apply mid-spring after one year in the ground. Do not over-fertilize.
Apply under the canopy but away from the trunk.
Mulch: No. Soil must dry quickly.
Spacing: Best with 100-200 square feet for adequate root spread; 10-14 feet between it and
the trunk of another palm or tree.
Prune: Remove lower leaves when they become untidy.
Litter: Fruit if not harvested.
Propagation: Butia species have a reputation of being difficult to germinate. One method
is to take soaked seed, bury it in moist vermiculite and perlite in a closed
container, and cycle it between 70-105°F over a 24-hour period for one month or until
germination has occurred. An alternate method is to take seed, newly cut from its fruit,
and gently crack and remove the outer husk, then provide the same container treatment.
Uses: Ornamental palm. The edible fruit naturally contains pectin for jelly.
The seeds have been roasted and ground for a coffee substitute.
Formerly known as Butia odorata. Pindo Palms are very wind tolerant.
Several other palm species closely resemble the Pindo Palm and its variability in appearance
could be because it is mistaken for those other palms, or possibly because of hybridizing
with other species.
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