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in Tucson, Phoenix,
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Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, and Southern California

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Epilobium canum: Hummingbird Trumpet / Zauschneria

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Description
Form: Herb.
Lifespan: Perennial.
Leaf retention: Evergreen but dies to ground in hard freezes.
Growth rate: Rapid.
Mature Size: 2' high.
Flowers: Reddish-orange, up to 2.5" long, in clusters.
Bloom: Mid spring to late fall.
Fruit: Narrow, cylindrical capsule containing seeds with fine hairs to aid in wind dispersal.
Leaves: Narrow, 1" long, light green.
Stems: No thorns. Arching or upright.
Roots: Spreads by rhizomes and root nodes. Slightly invasive.
Wildlife: Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Browsed by rabbits if watered during drought. Enclose within 18" high fencing.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: New Mexico to California and Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 7b-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water once established: Monthly.
Soil: Well drained, dry, pH 6.6-7.5 (neutral).
First Year Care: Water lightly to moderately every day to establish extensive root system, reducing water as time passes. Leaves turning yellow or brown can indicate over- or under-watering. After first heavy monsoon rain, lessen water to see if plant will take off on its own.
Prune: Cut 4" high in winter.
Litter: Low.
Propagation: Seed or root division. Self-seeds.
Uses: Ornamental, erosion control on slopes, hummingbird garden.

Comments
Former scientific name is Zauschneria californica. Four subspecies are recognized – the photos are of var. latifolium. Another common name is California Fuschia. The butterfly is a Clouded Sulphur.



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