in Tucson, Phoenix,
and Southern California

Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, and Southern California

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Eremophila maculata var. maculata: Red Eremophila / Valentine Bush

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Form: Shrub.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow to moderate.
Mature Size: 2-4' high and wide.
Flowers: Tubular, lower lip curled back, in red, pink, orange, yellow or white.
Bloom: Winter.
Fruit: Hard, woody, four-chambered nut with four seeds.
Leaves: Silvery green, oval-shaped. May acquire reddish tint in winter.
Stems: No thorns. New growth is reddish.
Wildlife: Attracts hummingbirds and birds.
Toxic / Danger: Leaves can be toxic to grazing livestock.
Origin: Australia.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8b-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun to part shade. Part shade reduces blooms.
Water once established: Deep water once or twice a month.
Soil: Well drained, pH 5.6-8.5 (acidic to alkaline).
Prune: After spring bloom. Flowers occur on tips of previous year's growth. Fullest bloom if allowed to grow "spiky" after spring trimming. Handles shearing well.
Litter: Low.
Propagation: Cuttings. Very difficult from seed.
Uses: Ornamental, hummingbird garden.

Another common name is Valentine Eremophila. The name Valentine comes from its tendency to be in full bloom on Valentine's Day. This species is highly variable.

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