Leaf retention: Evergreen but dies to ground in hard freezes.
Growth rate: Moderate.
Mature Size: 1' high and 2-3' wide.
Flowers: Purple to pink, tubular with five notched lobes
joined at base, tiny, in hemispherical clusters.
Bloom: Nearly year-round in frost-free regions.
Fruit: Seed in flower head.
Leaves: Green, softly hairy, triangle shaped, toothed.
Stems: No thorns, square and hairy.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies, bees.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Southwestern United States and Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-11.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Possibly six to eight weeks.
Sun: Full sun.
Water after becoming established: Once or twice a month.
Soil: Well drained, dry, pH 5.6-8.5 (acidic to alkaline).
First Year Care: Water lightly every day to establish
an extensive root system.
Prune: Deadhead spent flowers if desired. Remove
winter damage after first freeze.
Propagation: Seed and cuttings. Self-seeds freely.
Uses: Ornamental, butterfly garden, groundcover.
Former scientific name Verbena gooddingii. Similar to
Glandularia bipinnatifida: Dakota Mock Vervain. The
butterfly is a Pipevine Swallowtail.
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