Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 3-10.
Chill hours: None. This plant fruits well in the moderate climate
of San Diego.
Heat tolerant: The plant will survive up to 100°F, but the
flowers will not set fruit over 80°F. Goji berry plants will need afternoon to all day shade in
Sun: Full sun below 80°F. This plant will accept part shade
but the fruit crop is substantially reduced.
Drought tolerant: Somewhat, but a lack of water may result in the
loss of the fruit crop.
Water after becoming established: Deep water every two weeks to
weekly when fruiting. High temperatures may require watering more often.
Soil: Well drained, low in organic content, tolerant, recommended
pH range 7-8.2 (slightly to somewhat alkaline). Grow on a mound or in a raised garden bed if the soil
Fertilize: Use organic fertilizers that are low in nitrogen and
higher in phosphorous. High nitrogen results in all foliage and no flowers and no fruit in most nightshade
Mulch: Is needed to reduce heat stress on the roots and retain
soil moisture in summer.
Planting: This plant grows in containers of 5 gallons and up.
Plant in spring after the last frost. When in the ground, grow on a fence, trellis or stake to make the
plant more manageable. Space 3-4' between plants and 6-8' between rows if growing more than one.
If planting bare root, follow nursery directions closely.
First Year Care: Keep the soil moist by watering every 2-3 days
for the first two months and in the hottest part of summer when there is no rain. Deep watering encourages
root growth and reduces watering frequency. Do not fertilize until the second year.
Prune: Do not prune the first year. After the first year, lateral
branches can be trimmed by half to encourage new growth.
Litter: Berries if not harvested, leaves in fall or early winter.
Propagation: Seed or cuttings.
Pests: Netting is needed to prevent bird predation of berries.
Fencing is required to keep rabbits, deer and javelina away from the leaves and young stem shoots.
Problems: High nitrogen fertilizers, acidic soil, poorly draining
soil, and over-watering will prevent flowering. Temperatures over 80°F will prevent fruit set.
Uses: Ornamental, edible fruit, leaves for tea, barrier hedge,
Another common name is Chinese Wolfberry. The name Wolfberry is a misnomer, however, because
Lycium refers to a province of Turkey named Lycia, not to the Greek word for wolf.
This plant is considered easy to grow when its first year water needs are met. The problem is that it
will not set fruit in high temperatures.
Do you have additional information or a different
experience for this plant that you would like to share?
Email firstname.lastname@example.org. All contributions
are welcome and appreciated.