in Tucson, Phoenix,
and Southern California

Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, and Southern California

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Melampodium leucanthum: Plains Blackfoot / Black Foot Daisy

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Form: Mound-forming herb.
Lifespan: Perennial.
Leaf retention: Evergreen but dies to ground in hard freezes.
Growth rate: Moderate.
Mature Size: 1' high and 2' wide.
Flowers: To 1.5" wide, 8-10 broad white rays, one notch at tips, small yellow central disk, honey-like fragrance.
Bloom: Spring through fall.
Fruit: Seed surrounded by a tiny, black, foot-shaped bract, formed at base of ray flowers, not within disk flowers.
Leaves: Green, narrowly linear to lance-shaped.
Stems: No thorns.
Roots: Long taproot.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies on occasion.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Arizona, Colorado, Kansas through Texas and Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 5-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water once established: Once a month. Overwatering may reduce lifespan.
Soil: Well drained, dry, pH 6.1-7.5 (slightly acidic to neutral). Fertilizing and extra water may increase blooms but shorten lifespan.
Litter: Low.
Propagation: Seed.
Uses: Ornamental.

Long blooming. The butterfly is a Painted Lady.

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