A member of the Solanaceae family, Goldenberry is closely related to Physalis ixocarpa, tomatillo,
Physalis pubescens, the ground cherry or husk tomato, and Physalis philadelphica, the wild tomatillo or
Mexican groundcherry. It is more distantly related to tomato, chili pepper, and other nightshades. Within
the Physalis genus, Goldenberry is considered the best tasting.
Form: An herb with vine-like tendencies that gradually becomes a
soft-wooded shrub over several years.
Lifespan: An annual in temperate climates, perennial in the tropics.
Leaf retention: Evergreen in regions without freezes.
Growth rate: Moderate to rapid.
Mature Size: 3-6' high. This plant needs to be supported
like a tomato.
Flowers: Slightly cupped, yellow, with five large brown spots around
the center. The calyx grows to surround the pollinated ovary with a large papery husk.
Bloom: Spring until late fall or first frost.
Self-fruitful: Yes. A light tap on the stem just behind the flower will
cause pollination. These flowers are wind and insect pollinated.
Years before fruiting: None.
Fruit: Enclosed in a brown papery husk, they resemble a cherry tomato,
with smooth, waxy, yellow to orange skin. The taste is a sweet-tart cross between tomato and pineapple,
which varies by cultivar. Fruit size is somewhat variable.
One plant may produce 150 to 300 fruit in poor soil, less in enriched soil.
Months for fruit to ripen: 2.5 to 3. The fruit will finish ripening
if picked green, but will not be as sweet as when vine ripened. The fruit often drop to the ground before
Storage after harvest: 30-45 days at room temperature if left dry in
brown, papery husk. Several months if refrigerated dry.
Leaves: Green, large, broad, with irregularly toothed margins, fuzzy.
Stems: Green and hairy.
Cultivars of Note:
Named cultivars are not yet sold in the United States.
Wildlife: May attract pollinating insects.
Toxic / Danger: All parts poisonous except ripe fruit.
Origin: Tropical Chile and Peru.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 10.
Chill hours: None.
Heat tolerant: Has difficulty in temperatures above 85°F.
Its normal temperature range is 55-64°F in the tropics.
Sun: Before mid-spring, full sun in temperatures below 80°F,
50% afternoon shade otherwise. From mid-spring, 50% all day shade in temperatures above 85°F.
Drought tolerant: No.
Water after becoming established: Daily.
Soil: Well drained, sandy, low organic content, pH 4.5-8.2
(strongly acidic to moderately alkaline).
Fertilize: No. Any nitrogen results in more foliage and less fruit.
Mulch: Yes, to keep roots cool and retain moisture.
Spacing: 2-3' apart.
Planting: Can be grown in large containers. May need protection from
winds. A plastic shelter can be used to protect from light frosts.
Pests: Many insect species attack this plant.
Uses: Fruit, eaten fresh, cooked with apples and ginger as dessert,
made into a sauce or jam, or dried like a raisin. Dried fruit is often served chocolate-coated.
This plant is cultivated like a tomato except  poor soil works better than enriched, and
 it needs all day part shade in high temperatures after mid-spring. It is invasive in tropical climates
like Hawaii and Florida.
Do you have additional information or a different
experience for this plant that you would like to share?
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are welcome and appreciated.