15-25' high and as wide.
White, pink or red, five petals, solitary or paired,
appearing before leaves develop. Flowers bloom on one year old wood.
Late spring frosts can kill flowers and reduce fruit production.
Mid-winter to spring, depending on local climate.
Years before fruiting:
Yellow or red skin is fuzzy (peach) or smooth (nectarine),
flesh is yellow or whitish, slightly aromatic. Large, oval, red-brown
seed surrounded by a wood-like husk. Peach and Nectarine
cultivars are divided into freestone and clingstone, depending
on whether the flesh clings to the seed husk.
Months for fruit to ripen:
3-5, depending on cultivar. Ripe when
fruit has reached full color, is soft and yielding, and has strong
fruity fragrance. If it does not have the right scent, leave it on the
tree for a couple days more.
Storage after harvest:
Store in refrigerator for up to one week.
Green, lance-shaped, turn yellow in fall.
Cuttings are grafted onto a compatible prunus seedling
that is more pest and disease resistant.
Cultivars of Note
'Eva's Pride' Peach, medium to large size, freestone,
100-200 chill hours, very good flavor.
'Mid-Pride' Peach, large size, freestone, 250 chill hours,
very good flavor.
'Tropic Snow' Peach, white flesh, medium size, freestone,
200 chill hours, very good flavor.
Attracts bees, birds, mammals.
Toxic / Danger:
All parts poisonous except fruit. Seeds are
China. Cultivated for more than 2000 years.