A many-branched shrub or small tree.
Up to 300 years with best production in first 25 years.
Slow to Moderate.
6-15' high, depending on cultivar.
Showy, trumpet shaped, ruffled petals, about 2" long,
often double, produced over a long period, usually orange-red.
Some ornamental cultivars produce no fruit but have large flowers in many
colors including white.
Winter into spring, or spring through summer, depending on
Yes, but cross-pollination from another plant
increases fruit set.
Years before fruiting:
Can start in second year, but best
production after 5-6 years.
Shiny, reddish, apple-sized, spherical, with a cylindrical cap
on the blossom end. Each seed is encased in a sack (aril) containing juicy
pulp. The juice, pulp and seeds are edible. The juice and pulp are usually
red, but in some cultivars are pink or white, possibly non-staining, and sweeter.
Temperature also affects the color of the pulp surrounding the seeds in some
cultivars, which will have a lighter color in hot weather and be darker red
when temperatures turn cold.
Months for fruit to ripen:
5-7. Ripeness is signaled when tapping
on the fruit produces a metallic sound. Remove fruit as soon as ripe.
Storage after harvest:
Refrigerated fruit can last up to 7 months.
Shiny, dark green, lance-shaped, about 3" long.
Branches may have spines. Red-brown bark.
Cultivars of note
for hot climates:
'Angel Red' large vivid red fruit, highest juice
content (red), soft edible seeds, best for juicing, prolific, ripens late
summer, 150 chill hours
'Ariana' medium to large red fruit, soft edible seeds,
soft arils, excellent flavor, ripens mid-fall, 100-200 chill hours
'Eversweet' large red fruit, virtually seedless, clear arials,
clear, very sweet, non-staining juice, ripens late summer through fall, 150 chill hours
'Parfianka' large red fruit, very small edible seeds,
sweet red juice, excellent flavor, ripens mid-fall, 100 to 200 chill hours
'Pink Satin' medium-sized, pink to dark red fruit,
medium to large edible seeds, light-colored non-staining juice, sweet
fruit-punch flavor, vigorous, ripens mid-fall, 150-200 chill hours
'Wonderful' medium to large purple-red fruit with tangy
flavor, medium-hard seeds, vigorous, ripens mid-fall, productive plant grown
commercially, 150 chill hours.
Attracts butterflies, bees, hummingbirds. May be browsed
Toxic / Danger:
All parts mildly poisonous except for edible fruit.
Possible spines on branches.
Iran to the Himalayas. Usage dates back over 3000 years.