Leaf retention: Deciduous.
Growth rate: Slow when young to moderate when established.
Mature Size: 30-40' high and wide.
Flowers: Tiny, separate male and female on same tree.
Fruit: Brown striped acorn.
Leaves: Green, deeply divided into 5-9 lobes, usually 7.
Turn reddish in late fall or early winter. Moderate shade.
Stems: No thorns.
Roots: Tap root.
Wildlife: Acorns attract mammals.
Toxic / Danger: Leaves and acorns toxic to some animals.
Origin: Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 6-11.
Heat tolerant: Yes but may experience leaf burn in hottest
part of year in Phoenix unless growing at higher elevation.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water after becoming established: Once a month.
Soil: Well drained, dry, low in organic content, pH 6.1-8.5
(slightly acidic to alkaline).
Mulch: Little or none.
Prune: To shape and to remove lowest limbs.
Litter: Leaves in fall.
Propagation: Seed which must be cold stratified.
Uses: Ornamental, Shade.
A member of the Beech and Oak family.
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