Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow.
Mature Size: 12' high and wide.
Flowers: Tiny, inconspicuous, yellow to green.
Bloom: In spring with new growth.
Fruit: Red berries appear in summer and turn red in late summer
to early fall.
Leaves: Dark green holly-like leaves with soft spines and red stems.
New leaves are yellow-green.
Stems: No thorns.
Wildlife: Birds are attracted to the red berries.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Oregon, California, Nevada, Arizona and Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun to light shade. Best with light shade.
Full shade makes plant leggy and unattractive.
Water once established: Monthly.
Soil: Well drained, dry, pH 6.1-7.5 (slightly acidic
Prune: To shape if desired.
Uses: Ornamental. Eventually a screen.
Belongs to the Buckthorn family. Former scientific name was Rhamnus
crocea ilicifolia. Available at Desert Survivors Native Plant
Nursery in Tucson.
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