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in Tucson, Phoenix,
Arizona and California

Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, Arizona and California

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Sophora secundiflora: Mescal Bean / Texas Mountain Laurel

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Description
Form: A multi-trunked shrub that can be pruned into a tree.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow.
Mature Size: 15-25' high and 5-15' wide.
Flowers: Showy, fragrant, violet-blue flowers, in drooping clusters.
Bloom: Mid winter to spring. Blooming period for entire plant is only one or two weeks.
Fruit: White to light tan bean pods, with velvety coating, that persist for months.
Leaves: Dark green, glossy, thick, compound leaflets. Provides dense shade.
Stems: No thorns.
Roots: Nitrogen-fixing*.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies.
Toxic / Danger: Most parts of plant are poisonous. Bright orange to red seeds are toxic.
Origin: New Mexico, Texas and Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-11.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water once established: Deep soak once or twice a month in warm season.
Soil: Deep, well-drained pH 6.6-8.5 (neutral to alkaline). *Do not use a nitrogen fertilizer.
Prune: Remove no more than one-third of the plant in any one year. Clip the top branches to form a shrub shape. Cut off the lowest branches to gradually shape a tree.
Litter: Low.
Propagation: Seed.
Uses: Ornamental, shade.

Comments
A member of the pea family.



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Sophora secundiflora: Mescal Bean / Texas Mountain Laurel - flowers

Sophora secundiflora: Mescal Bean / Texas Mountain Laurel - seed pods

Sophora secundiflora: Mescal Bean / Texas Mountain Laurel tree in bloom