Form: A large, multi-stemmed shrub that can be trained into a tree.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow. Speeds up slightly after becoming established.
Mature Size: 10-30' high and 5-15' wide.
Flowers: Flowers up to 1/4 inch wide with 5 rounded petals
occur in large, flat-topped clusters at the branch tips.
Bloom: Spring or early summer.
Fruit: Berries become dry, brown capsules that often persist on plant.
Leaves: Dark green, leathery, lance-shaped with serrate edges.
Provides dense shade.
Stems: No thorns. Young stems are reddish brown and older bark is gray.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies, bees and birds.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Arizona and Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 7-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water once established: Monthly.
Soil: Well drained, deep soil with low organic content,
pH 6.1-9.0 (slightly acidic to highly alkaline).
Subject to root rot in poorly-drained soil.
Prune: In winter, prune lowest branches after plant is eight feet
high to train into tree, or prune to maintain size and shape.
Propagation: Seed or cuttings.
Uses: Ornamental or hedge.
A member of the rose family.
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