Leaf retention: Deciduous.
Growth rate: Slow to rapid, depending on water and soil
Mature Size: 3-5' high and wide.
Flowers: Orange to red, tubular, up to 2" long,
usually pointing upward, clustered on ends of main and
Bloom: Mid spring or summer into fall, depending on irrigation. Once well established,
it will bloom in October whether irrigated or not.
Fruit: Brown capsules with black seeds.
Leaves: Green, lance-shaped.
Stems: No thorns.
Wildlife: Attracts hummingbirds, large butterflies.
Caterpillar food plant for some butterfly species. Browsed by rabbits.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Texas and Northern Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 7b-11.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun to light shade. More sun produces more blooms.
Water once established: Monthly. Will need weekly water to flower
in hottest months and attract butterflies and hummingbirds.
Soil: Well drained, pH 6.1-7.8 (slightly acidic to slightly alkaline).
Compacted soil slows growth.
Prune: In late winter, shear to encourage new growth.
Can be pruned into a hedge.
Propagation: Seed or cuttings. May reseed in favorable conditions.
Uses: Ornamental, wildlife attractor, low hedge.
Other common names include Flame Acanthus, Hummingbird Bush and Mexican
Flame. Long blooming. An excellent butterfly and hummingbird shrub for a
rabbit-protected environment. The butterfly is a Cloudless Sulphur.
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