Form: A multi-trunked shrub.
Leaf retention: Deciduous.
Growth rate: Moderate after the first year when planted in a favorable location.
Mature Size: 6-12' high and 6-10' wide.
Flowers: White to pink, orchid-like, clustered, fragrant.
Bloom: Late winter into spring, possibly into summer.
Fruit: Flat seed pods that split suddenly, with a twisting motion, scattering seeds.
Leaves: Green, in pairs, forming a butterfly shape.
Stems: No thorns, brittle.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies and bees.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Texas and Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8b-11.
Heat tolerant: Somewhat. It needs part shade, especially afternoon shade, over
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun part most of the day with afternoon shade. Avoid reflected afternoon
heat. In colder regions it needs a southern exposure and protection from winter winds.
Full sun results in more compact growth. It becomes leggy in shade.
Water once established: Deep soak once or twice a month during spring and summer
drought. Do not overwater.
Soil: Well drained, dry, pH 6.6-8.5 (neutral to alkaline). *Do not use a nitrogen
Planting: It can be grown in a large container.
Prune: After flowering, only prune as needed to shape. Do not remove too much of the
leaf crown in summer which may lead to sunburn and possible insect infestation. If a single
trunk is desired, remove unwanted trunks when young.
Propagation: Seed and cuttings.
This plant is a member of the Legume family (Fabaceae). Other common names are Orchid
Tree and Texas Plume.
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Latest update: February, 2019.