Slow to moderate.
4-8' high and as wide.
Yellow, loosely clustered, often massed, fragrant.
Late winter and spring.
Red to yellow, round, pea-sized, edible, ripening mid-spring into summer.
Gray-green, stiff, narrow leaflets, holly-like, with very sharp spines.
New leaves may be reddish.
Rigid, spreading, possibly with a few thorns.
These plants spread by rhizomes and can form thickets by suckering, making
them useful as stout barriers and hedges.
Species of Note:
Berberis haematocarpa, Red Barberry.
Berberis trifoliolata, Agarita / Algerita. Distinguished by three
narrow leaflets joined at their base. Nurseries may use the name Mahoney trifoliolata.
The flowers attract bees and are considered a good honey source.
The fruit attracts birds. Small mammals may use the plant for shade. This plant is deer
Toxic / Danger:
Prickly leaves, possible thorns on stems. For some Berberis
species, all parts are mildly poisonous except for ripe fruit.
Arizona to Texas and Mexico.