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Growing Brahea edulis: Guadalupe Palm

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Description
Form: Palm tree.
Lifespan: 50-150 years.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow, 12" annually.
Mature Size: 25-30' high, 15' wide.
Flowers: White to pale yellow, separate male and female flowers on the same palm, clustered, fragrant.
Bloom: Winter or spring.
Fruit: Round, 0.75" - 1.3" in diameter, green ripening to black. The thin sweet flesh, with a date-like or caramel taste, can be eaten fresh.
Leaves: A green, wide fan shape with a center rib, dividing past the half-way point into many long fingers.
Stems: The trunk grows to a 1.5' diameter. The leaf stalks have small or non-existent spines.
Roots: Deep taproot, not invasive.
Wildlife: Attracts insects and birds.
Toxic / Danger: No. Possible small spines on leaf stalks.
Origin: Guadalupe Island, Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 9-11. Hardy to 18°F.
Heat tolerant: Its temperature maximum is 105°F, similar to Pigmy Date Palm. Extra water is needed over 85°F.
Sun: Full sun. This palm is intolerant of heavy shade.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Water after becoming established: Water deeply 1-2 times a month, but 3-4 times a month in temperatures over 85°F. Additional water speeds growth.
Soil: Very well drained, tolerant of soil types otherwise, ph 6.1-9.0 (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). This palm is salt tolerant.
Fertilize: A magnesium (Mg) deficiency might occur in highly alkaline soil. This will appear as leaflets that are yellow from the tip to about half-way up. The center will stay green. A palm fertilizer with magnesium can be applied late winter to early spring to correct the problem and/or to provide faster growth.
Mulch: No.
Prune: Dead fronds tend to drop off on their own.
Litter: Wet fruit drop, infrequent frond drop.
Propagation: Seed, which takes 2-4 months to germinate.
Uses: Ornamental, edible fruit.

Comments
Part of the Palm family (Arecaceae), the Brahea genus has eleven species, all with fan-shaped leaves, including the Mexican Blue Palm. Brahea edulis has the largest fruit in its genus. It withstands windy locations.



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Brahea edulis: Guadalupe Palm



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Latest update: April, 2020.