Form: A shrub or small tree.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Moderate to rapid.
Mature Size: 12-15' high and 8-10' wide.
Flowers: Small, 0.25" diameter, greenish-yellow, clustered,
either male or female, some plants have only one sex, others have
both sexes. Strong odor in close proximity when producing pollen.
Bloom: Early spring.
Fruit: Small seed capsule with 3-4 papery wings, 3/4" wide, turning
green to tan.
Leaves: Green, narrow, to 4 " long, glossy on top, resinous surface,
reddish mid-ribs. One variety, 'Purpurea', has purple leaves.
Provides moderate shade.
Stems: No thorns.
Roots: Aggressive, may rob nearby plants of water.
Wildlife: Habitat for nesting birds and insects. Seeds attract birds.
Toxic / Danger: All parts of plant are mildly poisonous.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-11. Young plants adversely affected by
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun. Avoid shady locations.
Water once established: Monthly during drought.
Supplemental water speeds growth.
Soil: Well drained, pH 6.1-8.5 (slightly acidic to alkaline).
Very tolerant of soil types.
Prune: After last frost, prune to remove freeze damage or to
reduce size. May be shaped as a shrub or hedge or trained into a tree.
Uses: Ornamental, hedge, screen, erosion control.
Has become widely naturalized throughout the world, especially in
the tropics, sub-tropics and warm temperate regions.
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