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Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, Arizona and California

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Epilobium canum: Hummingbird Trumpet / Zauschneria

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Form: Herb.
Lifespan: Perennial.
Leaf retention: Evergreen but dies to ground in hard freezes.
Growth rate: Rapid.
Mature Size: 2' high.
Flowers: Red, reddish-orange, pink, or white, up to 2.5" long, in clusters.
Bloom: Mid spring to late fall.
Fruit: Narrow, cylindrical capsule containing seeds with fine hairs that aid in wind dispersal.
Leaves: Narrow, 1" long, light green.
Stems: No thorns. Arching or upright.
Roots: Spreads by rhizomes and root nodes. Slightly invasive.
Wildlife: Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Browsed by rabbits if watered during drought. Enclose within 18" high rabbit-proof fencing.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: New Mexico to California and Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 7b-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water once established: Monthly.
Soil: Well drained, dry, pH 6.6-7.5 (neutral).
First Year Care: Water lightly to moderately every day to establish extensive root system, reducing water as time passes. Leaves turning yellow or brown can indicate over- or under-watering. After first heavy rain of late spring or summer, lessen water to see if plant will take off on its own.
Prune: Cut 4" high in winter.
Litter: Low.
Propagation: Seed or root division. Self-seeds.
Uses: Ornamental, hummingbird garden, erosion control on slopes.

Former scientific name is Zauschneria californica. Several subspecies are recognized, the photos are of ssp. latifolium. Other common names are California Fuschia and Hummingbird Flower. The butterfly in the picture is a Clouded Sulphur.

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Epilobium canum: Hummingbird Trumpet - flowers

Epilobium canum: Hummingbird Trumpet - with hummingbird

Epilobium canum: Hummingbird Trumpet - with butterfly

Epilobium canum: Hummingbird Trumpet - seed pods

Epilobium canum: Hummingbird Trumpet