Leaf retention: Evergreen in frost-free regions.
Growth rate: Moderate.
Mature Size: 1' high and 2-3' wide.
Flowers: Tiny, purple to pink, tubular with five notched lobes joined at their base, in
Bloom: Nearly year-round in frost-free regions.
Leaves: Green, softly hairy, triangle shaped, toothed margins.
Stems: No thorns, square and hairy.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies and bees.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Southwestern United States and Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-11. This plant dies to the ground in hard freezes.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: This plant may survive without water or rain up to six or eight weeks.
Sun: Full sun.
Water after becoming established: Once or twice a month.
Soil: Well drained, dry, pH 5.6-8.5 (acidic to alkaline).
First Year Care: Water lightly every day to establish an extensive root system.
Prune: Deadhead spent flowers if desired. Remove winter damage after the danger of freezing is past.
Propagation: Seed and cuttings. Self-seeds freely.
Uses: Ornamental, butterfly garden, groundcover.
This plant is a member of the Verbena family (Verbenaceae) and its former scientific name
is Verbena gooddingii. It is similar to Glandularia bipinnatifida: Dakota Mock Vervain.
The butterfly is a Pipevine Swallowtail
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Latest update: January, 2019.