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in Tucson, Phoenix,
Arizona and California

Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, Arizona and California

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Hesperaloe parviflora: Red Yucca

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Description
Form: A succulent treated as a shrub.
Lifespan: Perennial.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow to moderate depending upon water and temperature.
Mature Size: Flower stalks can grow to 6' high. Leaves are normally 2' high and 3' wide.
Flowers: Reddish tubular flowers, with yellow throats, sprout from narrow spikes on pink stalks. Other flower colors are available.
Bloom: Mid-spring to fall.
Fruit: A round seed capsule containing flat, black seeds.
Leaves: Long, narrow, blue-green, arching, stiff blades grow from a central base. White fraying fibers line the leaf margins.
Stems: No thorns or spines.
Wildlife: The flowers attract hummingbirds and foraging deer. The leaves are resistant to deer but not javelina.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Native to Texas and northern Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 5-11.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water once established: Once a month during drought.
Soil: Very well drained, pH 5.1-9.0 (highly acidic to highly alkaline).
Prune: Remove old flower stalks as needed.
Litter: Low.
Propagation: Seed or root division.
Uses: Ornamental.

Comments
Now recognized as a member of the Asparagaceae (asparagus) family, it was formerly classified in the discontinued Agavaceae (century plant) family. It is not a true yucca, although distantly related.



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Hesperaloe parviflora: Red Yucca - flowers

Hesperaloe parviflora: Red Yucca - seed pod

Hesperaloe parviflora: Red Yucca