Form: A shrub with herbaceous stems that become woody
from the bottom up with age.
Leaf retention: Evergreen but dies to ground in hard freezes.
Growth rate: Moderate.
Mature Size: 3' high and 4' wide.
Flowers: Bright orange, narrowly tubular, lower lip curled
back tightly, 1-1/2" long.
Bloom: Mid-winter to mid-fall in regions without freezes.
Fruit: Not significant.
Leaves: Green, velvety surface, oval with pointed tip,
to 3" long.
Stems: No thorns, soft.
Wildlife: Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.
Caterpillar food plant for the Texan Crescent butterfly.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Mexico, Central America.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-11. Damaged at 25°F.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun to light shade. Too much shade reduces blooms
and causes plant to become leggy.
Water after becoming established: Once or twice a month.
Although not needed for survival, weekly watering in hot, dry
seasons of year improves appearance and blooming.
Soil: Well drained, pH 6.6-8.5 (neutral to alkaline).
Planting: Can be grown in large containers.
First Year Care: Water lightly every day to establish
an extensive root system. Yellow leaves can indicate either
over-watering or under-watering.
Prune: Remove frost-damaged parts when danger of frost is
past. Remove older, woody stems. Trim to more compact form if
Propagation: Stem cuttings; layering (bending a stem over, burying its top in the ground, and
fastening it down so that it will root).
Uses: Ornamental, wildlife attractor.
The butterfly is a Gulf Fritillary.
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