Leaf retention: Evergreen but dies to the ground in freezes.
Growth rate: Rapid.
Mature Size: 1-2' high by 4-6' wide.
Flowers: Small flowers in rounded same-color clusters, usually purple,
but can be other colors, including yellow.
Bloom: Mid-spring to frost.
Fruit: Small, blue-black berries.
Leaves: Dark green leaves with rough texture are 1" long. The leaves
emit an unpleasant odor when crushed.
Stems: Woody, trailing stems grow along the ground. No thorns.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies.
Toxic / Danger: All parts of this plant are toxic. Contact may cause
Origin: Tropical South America.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 8-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water once established: Monthly.
Soil: Well drained, pH 6.1-7.8 (slightly acidic to slightly alkaline),
Mulch: Cover roots in fall in regions with winter freezes.
Prune: In winter, to remove dead branches, and to shape.
Propagation: Propagated by cuttings because seedlings take years to bloom.
Uses: Ornamental, ground cover, xeric garden.
This plant is a member of the Verbena family. A Queen butterfly is shown in the
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