Evergreen, but deciduous when stressed by cold or drought.
Slow to moderate.
4-8' high and as wide.
Tiny, funnel shaped, often clustered.
Various times of year depending on species.
Red, spherical, about 1/4" diameter, with several seeds,
edible but tasteless.
Green to blue-green, small, usually covered with minute hairs, often
spatulate (shaped like a spatula), often somewhat succulent.
Stiff, densely branched, thorny to nearly thornless.
Species of Note:
Lycium andersonii: Red Berry Desert-thorn / Water Jacket
has white to pale purple flowers, blooms late winter into early summer.
The stems are thorny. The leaves are linear to spatulate and deciduous.
USDA Hardiness 8-10.
Lycium berlandieri: Berlandier's Wolfberry has blue to
purple flowers, blooms in summer. The stems have few thorns, mostly at the
ends of branches. The leaves are linear to spatulate and evergreen.
USDA Hardiness 7-10.
Lycium brevipes: Baja Desert-thorn has white to purple
flowers, blooms most of the year. The stems are very thorny. The leaves are
oval to spatulate and evergreen. USDA Hardiness 9-10.
Lycium fremontii: Fremont's Desert-thorn has purple flowers,
blooms late winter and spring. The stems are thornless or sparsely thorned.
The leaves are spatulate and deciduous. USDA Hardiness 9-10.
The fruit attracts birds. The flowers attract pollinating insects, and
possibly butterflies and hummingbirds. These plants are larval host plants for several
species of moths.
Toxic / Danger: