Lifespan: At least 4-5 years under favorable conditions.
Leaf retention: Evergreen in regions without freezes.
Growth rate: Rapid.
Mature Size: 1-3' high and 2-4' wide.
Flowers: Purple, pink or white, arrayed in vertical spikes.
Bloom: Summer. Some cultivars may not flower.
Fruit: Smooth nutlets.
Leaves: Light green to dark green with purple undersides, depending on cultivar,
thick, fleshy, scalloped edges, strongly fragrant, edible. The flavor has been described as
strong oregano with a minty pepperiness.
Stems: No thorns, easily broken.
Roots: Not invasive; tap root.
Wildlife: Attracts pollinating insects. Not browsed by mammals.
Toxic / Danger: No danger to humans. Poisonous to dogs, cats and horses.
Origin: Eastern and southern Africa.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 10-11. Root hardy to 9a. This plant dies to the ground in
freezes and recovers from its roots in the spring.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun to part shade. Part shade is recommended in high temperature regions.
Water after becoming established: Monthly to twice a week depending on temperature
Soil: Very well drained, tolerant otherwise, pH 6.1-7.8 (slightly acidic to slightly
alkaline). This plant can suffer from root rot in wet soil.
Mulch: Yes, to retain soil moisture and protect roots from temperature extremes.
Planting: Can be grown in pots, even indoors.
Litter: Low except it dies to the ground in freezes.
Propagation: Cuttings or seed. It easily roots from cuttings.
Uses: Ornamental, culinary. The leaves are used to flavor meat stuffings, soups,
tomato sauces, and more.
This plant is a member of the Mint family (Lamiaceae). Another common name is Spanish Thyme.
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Latest update: February, 2019.