A large shrub or small tree.
10-30' high and 8-25' wide.
White, fragrant, small, clustered at the ends of branches.
Fall to early winter. Tends to bloom heavily, then lightly,
in alternating years. Pruning excess blooms in heavy years may help even
out blooming cycles.
Depends on cultivar. All cultivars do better with a
companion as pollinator.
Years before fruiting:
Grafted 2-4, grown from seed 8-10.
Oval, round or pear-shaped, 1-2" long, skin is smooth or downy,
yellow to orange. Flesh is white, yellow or orange, sweet to sour.
Contains 1-5 brown seeds.
Months for fruit to ripen:
3. Ripe when slightly soft.
Storage after harvest:
Fruit of many cultivars must be consumed
immediately, a few cultivars last up to two weeks when refrigerated.
Dark green, glossy on top, whitish or rusty-hairy beneath, thick,
stiff, prominent veins, broadly elliptical to narrowly lance-shaped.
Shallow. Grafted onto rootstock for fruit production.
Cultivars of Note:
'Advance' Sweet-tart flavor, 1-2 seeds, thin skin,
pear shape, needs another cultivar as pollinizer.
'Champagne' Sweet, spicy flavor, 2 seeds, thin skin,
pear shape, self-fertile.
Attracts bees, birds and mammals.
Toxic / Danger:
All parts mildly poisonous except ripe fruit.
China. Introduced to Japan 2000 years ago.