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Growing Fruit and Berries in Hot, Dry Climates


Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, Arizona and Southern California

Growing Fruit and Berries in Hot, Dry Climates

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Overview

Ponegranate

The United Nations estimates for water usage per crop are stated below on plants for which data is available. See Fruit Selection and Cultivation Tips for more information.

Acerola / Barbados Cherry: Malpighia emarginata
Fruit tree. Moderate drought tolerance. Hot dry climate suitability 3 stars = protect from freezes.

Apple: Malus pumila
Fruit tree. Moderate drought tolerance. Estimated water use: 98 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = extra water.

Apricot / Aprium: Prunus armeniaca
Fruit tree. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 154 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 2 stars = afternoon shade, extra water.

Avocado: Persea americana
Fruit tree. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 237 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 2 stars = proper soil and mulch, regular water, proper microclimate.

Banana: Musa
Fruiting herb. Not drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 94 gallons per pound of bananas harvested, 192 gallons per pound of plantains harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 2 stars = constantly moist soil, afternoon shade, extensive winter protection.

Blackberry / Boysenberry: Rubus ursinus
A fruiting cane thicket. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 45 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = may need part shade, roots need thick mulch as heat shield.

Blueberry: Vaccinium
A fruiting shrub. Not drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 101 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 1 star = grow in container with acidic soil, daily water, afternoon shade.

Carob / St John's Bread: Ceratonia siliqua
Tree with edible seedpods. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 668 gallons per pound of dried fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 4 stars = excellent.

Cherry of the Rio Grande: Eugenia involucrata
Tropical fruit tree. Drought tolerant with loss of fruit. Hot dry climate suitability 2 stars = grow in a container with acidic soil, afternoon to all day part shade.

Cherry, Sweet: Prunus avium
Fruit tree. Drought tolerant with proper rootstock. Estimated water use: 192 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 1 star = fruits poorly in USDA zone 9 and above.

Citrus Many varieties are desirable for the residential garden, including:
Grapefruit: Citrus paradisi Estimated water use: 61 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = sunscald protection.
Lemon: Citrus limon Estimated water use: 77 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = sunscald protection.
Lime: Citrus latifolia, etc. Estimated water use: 77 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = sunscald protection.
Mandarin / Tangerine: Citrus reticulata More cold hardy than most citrus. Estimated water use: 90 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 2 stars = extra water, afternoon shade, sunscald protection.
Orange: Citrus sinensis Estimated water use: 67 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = sunscald protection.
See also Kumquat.

Elderberry: Sambucus nigra
A fruiting shrub or small tree. Drought tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability (most cultivars) 3 stars = extra water to carry fruit and retain leaves.

Fig: Ficus carica
A tree where green figs are flowers and ripe figs are fruit. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 401 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 3 stars = extra water in hottest months.

Goji Berry: Lycium Barbarum
A fruiting shrub. Not drought tolerant at high temperatures. Hot dry climate suitability 1 star = afternoon shade, extra water, fruits poorly in high temperatures.

Grape: Vitis vinifera
A vine with clustered fruit. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 73 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 4 stars = excellent.

Guava: Psidium guajava
Fruit tree or shrub. Estimated water use: 216 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 2 stars = protection from frost, afternoon shade, extra water.

Jelly Palm / Pindo Palm: Butia odorata
Fruiting palm tree. Drought and heat tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability 4 stars = excellent.

Jujube: Ziziphus jujuba
Fruit tree. Drought and heat tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability (most cultivars) 4 stars = excellent.

Kiwifruit: Actinidia deliciosa
A vine with fuzzy brown fruit. Not drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 62 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 1 star = unsuitable.

Kumquat: Fortunella
A tree producing hundreds of small orange fruit in winter. Drought tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = afternoon shade.

Loquat: Eriobotrya japonica
Fruit tree. Not drought tolerant in high temperatures. Hot dry climate suitability 2 stars = extra water, afternoon shade.

Lychee: Litchi chinensis
A tree with red, rough-skinned fruit. Not drought tolerant at high temperatures. Hot dry climate suitability 1 star = afternoon shade, morning shade in hottest months, extra water, saline sensitive.

Mango: Mangifera indica
Fruit tree. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 216 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 2 stars = protection from freezing, afternoon shade, extra water.

Moringa: Moringa oleifera
A tree with edible seedpods, leaves and flowers. Drought tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability 4 stars = excellent.

Mulberry: Morus species
Fruit, shade or ornamental tree. Somewhat drought tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = extra water when fruiting.

Natal Plum: Carissa macrocarpa
A fruiting shrub, small tree or groundcover. Drought tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability 3 stars = proper location.

Olive: Olea europaea
A highly ornamental fruit tree. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 361 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 4 stars = excellent.

Passion Fruit: Passiflora
A vine with large, elaborate flowers and fruit. Not drought tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 2 stars = frequent water, afternoon shade.

Peach / Nectarine: Prunus persica
Fruit tree. Moderate drought tolerance. Estimated water use: 109 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 3 stars = extra water.

Pear, Asian: Pyrus pyrifolia
Fruit tree. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 110 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = extra water.

Persimmon, Asian: Diospyros kaki
Fruit tree. Not drought tolerant at high temperatures. Hot dry climate suitability 2 stars = afternoon shade, extra water.

Pineapple: Ananas comosus
A bromeliad herb with exotic fruit. Estimated water use: 30.5 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 2 stars = acidic soil, afternoon shade, protection from freezing temperatures.

Pineapple Guava / Feijoa: Acca sellowiana
An evergreen shrub or small tree with exotic edible flowers and fruit. Loses appearance at high temperatures without extra water. Hot dry climate suitability 3 stars = afternoon shade.

Plum / Pluot: Prunus domestica / Prunus salicina
Fruit tree. Drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 188 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 3 stars = extra water.

Pomegranate: Punica granatum
Fruit shrub or tree. Drought tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 4 stars = excellent.

Quince: Cydonia oblonga
A tree with large flowers and aromatic fruit. Moderate drought tolerance. Hot dry climate suitability 3 stars = proper location.

Raspberry: Rubus idaeus
A cane thicket with berries. Not drought tolerant. Estimated water use: 49 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 1 star = daily water, all day part to full shade, proper soil.

Strawberry: Fragaria x ananassa
A fruiting herb. No drought tolerance without loss of crop. Estimated water use: 41.5 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability 2 stars = plant in early fall, all day part shade, daily water, proper soil and enclosure.

Surinam Cherry: Eugenia uniflora
Tropical fruit tree. Hot dry climate suitability 2 stars = protect from freezes when young, extra water.

Tomato: Solanum lycopersicum
A fruiting herb. Some cultivars have moderate drought tolerance. Estimated water use: 26 gallons per pound of fruit harvested. Hot dry climate suitability (some cultivars) 2 stars = daily water, 50% shade all day, proper soil and enclosure.

White Sapote: Casimiroa edulis
Fruit tree. Drought tolerant. Hot dry climate suitability 2 stars = proper location, branch breakage in strong winds.



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