Up to 300 productive years.
30-120' high and 10-30' wide.
White to pink, five petals, small, clustered at the end of shoots, fragrant.
Late fall or winter, depending on cultivar and microclimate.
Mature trees tend to alternate between heavy bloom years and light bloom years.
Pruning excess blooms in heavy years may reduce this alternation.
Years before fruiting:
5-8 from seed, 3-4 with grafted rootstock.
Large, with yellow, orange, red, or green skin, ripe pulp
pale yellow to orange, sweet. The fruit contains a single flat,
oblong pit, covered with fibers, which does not separate easily from the
Months for fruit to ripen:
3-6. Mangoes are ripe when they turn color,
when the flower end widens, or when they start to fall from the tree.
They will continue to ripen after being picked, even when green.
Ripe mangoes will snap off the stem with a slight pull. If they resist,
leave them on the tree longer to ripen further.
Storage after harvest:
Mangos ripen in 3-8 days after harvest. They
can be refrigerated up to 2 weeks, only after they are ripe, or chill
Lance-shaped, orange-pink when young, rapidly changing to a
dark glossy red, then dark green with maturity.
Taproot to 20' deep and wide surface feeder roots. Often grafted
onto cold-hardy rootstock.
Cultivars of Note:
'Alphonso' – India, large tree, fiberless, June-July harvest
'Carrie' – Florida, dwarf tree, fiberless, June-July harvest
'Glenn' – Florida, 15' tree, fiberless, late May-June harvest
'Kent' – Florida, large vigorous tree, fiberless, July-August harvest
'Nam Dok Mai' – Thailand, medium sized tree, fiberless,
'Valencia Pride' – Florida, large vigorous tree, fiberless,
Attracts flies, wasps, fruit bats, rarely bees.
Toxic / Danger:
All parts, including fruit skin can cause dermatitis and anaphylaxis
in susceptible individuals. Peeled fruit is safe to eat. Avoid skin contact
with sap when picking fruit.
Eastern India and Burma. Cultivated for more than 4000 years.