A large shrub or small tree.
10-30' high and 8-25' wide.
White, fragrant, small, clustered at the ends of branches.
Fall to early winter. This tree tends to bloom heavily, then lightly, in alternate years.
Pruning excess blooms in heavy years may help even out the blooming cycles.
Depends on cultivar. All cultivars do better with a companion as a pollinator.
Years before fruiting:
Grafted 2-4, grown from seed 8-10.
Oval, round or pear-shaped, and 1-2" long. The skin is smooth or downy, and yellow to orange.
The flesh is white, yellow or orange, sweet to sour, and contains 1-5 brown seeds.
Months for fruit to ripen:
3. The fruit are ripe when slightly soft.
Storage after harvest:
The fruit of many cultivars must be consumed immediately, with the fruit of
a few cultivars lasting up to two weeks when refrigerated.
Dark green, glossy on top, whitish or rusty-hairy beneath, thick, stiff, prominent veins,
broadly elliptical to narrowly lance-shaped.
Shallow. Most trees are grafted onto rootstock for quicker fruit production. Any variety of
loquat seedling is used as rootstock to produce a normal-sized tree. Quince rootstock is used to produce a
Cultivars of Note:
'Big Jim' Large fruit, orange flesh, sweet-tart flavor, 2-4 seeds, skin easy to peel,
oblong to round shape, self fertile.
'Champagne' Whitish flesh, sweet, spicy flavor, 2 seeds, thin skin,
pear shape, self fertile.
Attracts bees, birds and mammals.
Toxic / Danger:
All parts are mildly poisonous except ripe fruit.
China. Introduced to Japan 2000 years ago.