Shrub or small tree.
6-22' high, depending on variety.
Small, five yellow petals and sepals, many yellow to orange stamens, clustered.
Late winter to early spring.
Yes. Additional plants will improve fruit set.
Years before fruiting:
Dark purple when ripe, 3/8-3/4" diameter, apple texture, sweet-sour grape-sherbet flavor,
Nutritional values for 3.5 ounces: Vitamin A 37%, Vitamin C 24%, Calcium 13%.
Months for fruit to ripen:
3. The fruit are ripe when they are dark purple, possibly with
a whitish blush, and are soft. They ripen a few at a time and require frequent harvesting.
Storage after harvest:
The fruit can be refrigerated unwashed for 3-7 days. They are very perishable
and transport poorly.
Large, ovate to heart-shaped, dull gray-green, toothed margins, prominent veins.
Long, drooping, no thorns.
Densely fibrous, no tap root, not invasive.
Cultivars of Note:
The low growing dwarf types native to India are cultivated because of their flavor,
small seeds, and productivity. The taller wild varieties are not considered good tasting.
Attracts a wide variety of pollinating insects, including bees and butterflies.
Browsed by mammals.
Toxic / Danger:
Southern Asia, from Pakistan to Cambodia.