A single to multi-stemmed shrub or small tree.
30-40 years, but productivity declines after 15 years.
Moderate to rapid.
6-12' high and as wide. In topical climates, it can reach 30' high.
Five white petals, with hundreds of white stamens tipped with pale yellow anthers.
The petals drop quickly, leaving hairy tufts of stamens.
Spring and early fall. Under right location and weather conditions, it may bloom nearly all year.
Yes, but some cultivars produce more fruit when cross-pollinated with another cultivar.
Years before fruiting:
Light-green or lemon-yellow when ripe, round, oval or pear-shaped, 2-4" long.
Guavas are often placed in two categories: white (or yellow) flesh and pink (or red) flesh.
The white are sometimes eaten before fully ripe when crispy, the pink are eaten when ripe.
Seeds are numerous and small, hard and inedible in the white, softer and edible in the pink.
Flavor varies tremendously among cultivars.
Months for fruit to ripen:
3-5. Ripe when strongly fragrant and the rind softens to be fully edible.
Fruits ripen at various times, not all at once. The fruit will continue to ripen after being picked.
Storage after harvest:
3-5 days at room temperature if ripe.
Refrigerated without wrapping, after just ripening, up to 4 weeks.
Medium green, ovate to lance-shaped, stiff and thick, downy on underside, aromatic when crushed.
No thorns. The bark is a mottled reddish brown color and peels off in flakes.
Commercially grown guava is usually grafted onto a specially chosen rootstock.
In regions where hard freezes may happen every few years, however, non-grafted trees can come back from
their roots after a freeze and are preferable for residential owners. Pink-fleshed guava are reportedly
more cold hardy than white-fleshed varieties and will come back from their roots quicker after a hard freeze.
Guava roots are shallow, often producing suckers. Guavas are invasive in wet tropical regions such as Hawaii
Cultivars of Note:
'Hawaiian Pink Supreme' Excellent flavor.
'Mexican Cream' Excellent flavor.
Attracts bees. Fruit attracts birds and mammals.
Toxic / Danger:
No. However, a chemical compound in the leaves acts as a cardiac depressant and
is contraindicated for some heart conditions.
Southern Mexico and Central America. Cultivated more than 2000 years.