Leaf retention: Deciduous.
Growth rate: Slow when young to moderate when established.
Mature Size: 10-30' high and wide in hot, dry climates.
Flowers: Separate male and female catkins on the same tree.
Fruit: A brown striped acorn that matures in the fall 18 months after pollination.
Leaves: Green, deeply divided into 5-9 lobes, usually 7. The leaves turn reddish in
late fall or early winter. This tree provides moderate shade.
Stems: No thorns.
Roots: Tap root.
Wildlife: The acorns attract mammals.
Toxic / Danger: The leaves and acorns are toxic to some animals.
Origin: Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 6-11.
Heat tolerant: Yes but this plant may experience leaf burn over 110°F unless
growing at a higher elevation or given extra water.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water after becoming established: Deep water once a month except two to four times
a month in temperatures over 110°F. This plant tolerates flood irrigation.
Soil: Well drained, dry, low in organic content, pH 6.1-8.5 (slightly acidic to
Mulch: Little or none.
Prune: To shape and to remove the lowest limbs.
Litter: Leaves in fall.
Propagation: Seed which must be cold stratified.
This plant is a member of the Beech and Oak family (Fagaceae).
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Latest update: February, 2019.