Form: A large, multi-stemmed shrub that can be trained into a tree.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow. Speeds up slightly after becoming established.
Mature Size: 10-30' high and 5-15' wide.
Flowers: Small flowers with 5 rounded petals occur in large, flat-topped clusters at branch tips.
Bloom: Spring or early summer.
Fruit: Berries which become dry, brown capsules that often persist on the plant.
Leaves: Green, leathery, lance-shaped, with finely serrate margins. This plant provides dense shade.
Stems: No thorns. The bark is gray. New stems are reddish brown.
Wildlife: Attracts butterflies, bees and birds.
Toxic / Danger: No.
Origin: Arizona and Mexico.
Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 7-10.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun.
Water once established: Monthly. More frequent irrigation results in faster growth.
Soil: Well drained, deep soil with low organic content, pH 6.1-9.0 (slightly acidic to highly alkaline).
This plant is subject to root rot in poorly-drained soil.
Prune: In winter, prune to maintain size and shape, or remove the lowest branches after the plant is
eight feet high to train into tree.
Litter: Dried seed capsules.
Propagation: Seed or cuttings.
Uses: Ornamental. It can be pruned into a hedge.
This plant is a member of the rose family (Rosaceae).
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Latest update: January, 2019.