in Tucson, Phoenix,
Arizona and California

Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, Arizona and California

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Yucca baccata: Banana Yucca

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Form: Shrub.
Leaf retention: Evergreen.
Growth rate: Slow to establish, then moderate.
Mature Size: 4' high and 6' wide. Flower stalk to 6' high.
Flowers: Bell-shaped, yellow-white flowers, from red buds, in dense clusters, to 5" long.
Bloom: Late winter or spring.
Fruit: Resembles a large, green to purple, sweet potato. Edible.
Leaves: Stiff, concave, narrow, green leaves, 2-3' long, with spine at tip. Small threads on margins.
Stems: Short central stem supports dense cluster of leaves.
Roots: Spreads by rhizomes.
Wildlife: Browsed by mammals. Pollinated by female Yucca Moth. Larva of Yucca Moth develop in fruit, but damage to seeds is low.
Toxic / Danger: Sharp leaf tip.
Origin: Southwestern United States and Mexico.

Cultivation and Uses
USDA hardiness zones: 5-11.
Heat tolerant: Yes.
Drought tolerant: Yes.
Sun: Full sun to part shade.
Water once established: Once a month during drought improves appearance.
Soil: Well drained, sandy, dry, pH 6.6-8.5 (neutral to alkaline).
Prune: Remove spent flower stalks.
Litter: Low.
Propagation: Basal nodules, rhizomes, and seed not refrigerated.
Uses: Ornamental. Edible fruit and flowers.

Tough and cold hardy once established. The most widespread yucca species.

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Yucca baccata: Banana Yucca - flowers

Yucca baccata: Banana Yucca - fruit

Yucca baccata: Banana Yucca